Hover Travel and Bee Travel Variety Assortment

Hover Travel and Bee Travel Variety Assortment

Bee Kinds Assortment

From 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee variety (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was involved during the Calanques Government Park thru one another on the internet and you are going to bowl pitfall show. They belonged so you’re able to half a dozen household and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the extremely classes-steeped family relations, followed by Apidae and you will Halictidae, which have 53, 44, and 43 categories, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is largely brand new richest genus, that have 33 range, while you are 7 genera was portrayed in the only 1 species (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step one [on the web only] ). With fuckswipe mobile site the jackknife 1 and 2 spiders, the latest bee types fullness is simply projected becoming anywhere between ± 9.89 and you will ± . The seen richness thus illustrated 71.step 3 in order to 79.6% of projected bee richness ( Dining table 2). New Chao1 approach projected the fresh new seen richness locate 76.8% of the potential restriction richness ( Table 2). By far the most plentiful types is simply Apis mellifera L. (276 individuals), that have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you can 168 people, respectively), and you can Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 people). In the course of time, 50 categories (26%) was basically depicted because of the just one private (singletons).

Ecosystem Properties regarding Bees

Concerning your environmental characteristics out of nesting requires, we realized 59 unmarried bee varieties nesting more than floors, ninety five solitary bee range nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic variety, like 30.7, 47.9, and you may numerous.0% of your over bee assortment fullness, correspondingly. I thought of four private types (bumble bees and you may honey bees-2.1%). Sooner or later, the brand new nesting tastes of 14 assortment are not familiar (seven.3%- Supp Table step one [online just] ). Regarding the floral diet from bee categories, i discovered that 105 brands (54.7%) foraged into the of numerous bush varieties (i.decades., generalist range, polylectic) and you may 51 varieties (twenty-six.5%) foraged on a single bush family members or even that/couples bush variety (we.ages., professional types, oligolectic). Towards the left 36 bee assortment (18.8%), the fresh new flowery diet plan was not identified (e.g., which have cleptoparasitic variety). maybe not, very generalist species shown a choice for one or a variety away from bush group ( Supp Dining table 1 [on the web just] ). For the forty two singletons, fourteen bee classes (28%) ended up being specialist, and you will 9 bee kinds (18%) were cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table 1 [online simply] ).

An enthusiastic IUCN reputation are plentiful having 178 range (excluding the kinds houses and you will unfamiliar designs). One particular, 47 sizes is categorized given that analysis without (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 types have been the absolute minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), half a dozen variety had been near threatened (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you can L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and one variety is thought threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk 1 [on the web just] ). Around three oligolectic groups were one of several seven threatened bee designs. A great. ovatula and you may C. albomaculatus is actually expert towards Fabaceae, D. argentata is actually a specialist to the Caprifoliaceae.

Out of 2009 in order to 2018, 38 kind of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) were caught in to the Calanques National Park. It belonged to help you twenty four genera ( Supp Table 2 [on the web simply] ). Many numerous genera have been Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 people), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen some one), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de– Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville inside the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen people), while 20 items (53%) was basically illustrated regarding only 1 individual ( Supp Dining table dos [on the web merely] ). New bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was basically represented of 20 varieties, including four singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table 3 [on line only] ). Brand new offer regarding full diversity fullness away-regarding hover flies and you may bee flies was between 83 and you can 97 kinds making use of the jackknife step one and you may dos spiders, correspondingly. For that reason, the brand new viewed richness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of your own estimated hover travel and you will bee travel richness ( Table 2).

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